Introduction of a second acetyl group into the molecule of IQ acetate effectively increased the lipophilicity of compound 3 in comparison with 2. carbons by 1H-13C gHSQC (heteronuclear single-quantum correlation spectroscopy). The 1H-13C gHMBC (heteronuclear multiple-bond correlation spectroscopy) spectrum was used to assign the quaternary carbons and to put together the above-mentioned spin systems. The chemical shifts and HMBC couplings are consistent with the isoquercitrin moiety substituted at C-6. The bond between the isoquercitrin moiety and the C(CH2)lipase . We have isolated IQ 6-acetate (2) and IQ 3,6-diacetate (3) in the yields 37% and 38%, respectively. Monoacetate 2 was created as the first product after 2 h, and diacetate 3 was isolated after 24 h. We have also prepared a panel of IQ derivatives substituted at C-6 OH (butyrate (4), hexanoate (5), octanoate (6), dodecanoate (7) and palmitate (8)) by direct lipase-mediated esterification from respective carboxylic acids in acetone with the yields 10%C33%. These compounds were previously prepared by Novozym 435? catalyzed transesterification from respective ethyl esters in 2-methyl-2-butanol at 65 C for 72 h . Regrettably, those products were characterized only by HPLC and LC-MS; NMR data were, however, provided only for IQ 6-butyrate . Due to the polyolic nature of the acceptor, mass spectrometry (MS) data are absolutely not sufficient for the structure determination. In contrast, our procedure is usually shorter (24 h), under milder conditions (45 C), and we provide here total structural characterization of the products including ESI-MS, 1H (600.23 MHz) and 13C (150.93 MHz) NMR (see the Experimental part and Supplementary Materials). 2.1.2. Synthesis of Esters of Isoquercitrin with Aliphatic Dicarboxylic Acids (9C11)The conversion of dicarboxylic acids was limited and purely dependent on the chain length of the respective acid. Shorter dicarboxylic acids such as oxalic (C2), malonic (C3), succinic (C4) and maleic (C4) were not accepted by the lipase, while the enzyme has accepted C5- to C12-dicarboxylic acids yielding IQ hemiglutarate (C5, 9), IQ hemiadipate (C6, 10) and IQ hemidodecandioate (11, Plan 1). This is in accordance with a previous statement on PPL (porcine pancreatic lipases) catalyzed esterification of butyl -d-glucopyranoside by succinic, adipic (C6) CID-2858522 and hexadecanedioic acid, which yielded only 6-could not be calculated due to unmeasurable content of the solute in the aqueous phase. Introduction of a second acetyl group into the molecule of IQ acetate effectively increased the lipophilicity of compound 3 Rabbit polyclonal to TRIM3 in comparison with 2. In contrast, hemiesters of isoquercitrin with glutaric (9) or adipic (10) acids exhibited high hydrophilicity, and their log values were lower compared with isoquercitrin and rutin. Hydrophilic properties were thus efficiently improved by free carboxyl moiety launched into the molecules. In the case of IQ hemidodecanedioate, the longer aliphatic chain (C12) led to more lipophilic character of the compound 11 despite the CID-2858522 free carboxyl in the molecule. Table 1 Log values, radical scavenging and anti-lipoperoxidant activity of isoquercitrin, compounds 2C11 and requirements. immobilized on acrylic resin (Novozym 435) was purchased from Novo-Nordisk (Copenhagen, Denmark). FolinCCiocalteau reagent was purchased from Merck (Prague, Czech Republic). In addition, DPPH radical, antioxidant assay kit (CS0790); pooled microsomes from male rat liver (M9066); Trolox and other chemicals were obtained from SigmaCAldrich (Prague, Czech Republic). 3.2. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Mass Spectrometry (MS) Methods NMR spectra were recorded on a Bruker Avance III 700 MHz spectrometer (700.13 MHz for 1H, 176.05 MHz for 13C at 30 C) and a Bruker Avance III 600 CID-2858522 MHz spectrometer (600.23 MHz for 1H, 150.93 MHz for 13C at 30 C, both from Bruker Daltonik, Bremen, Germany)) in DMSO-in a mixture of two immiscible phasesoctan-1-ol and 6.6 mM phosphate buffer pH 7.4 to simulate physiological conditions. Before the use, octan-1-ol was stirred with the buffer for 16 h at 25 C to achieve saturation of both phases, which were then separated. Stock solutions (0.2C0.5 mM) of tested compounds were prepared in octan-1-ol in the case of compounds 1C8 and quercetin and in the buffer for compounds 9C11 and rutin. Then, 150 L of the stock solutions were mixed with 150 L of the respective immiscible phase in microcentrifuge tubes (1.5 mL) and stirred (750 rpm) for 2 h at 25 C in triplicates. Phases were separated as well as the solute focus in each stage was established in 96-well microtitration plates using Sunrise? spectrophotometer (Schoeller Musical instruments, Prague, Czech Republic) at 400 nm. Log was determined the following: log evaluations among pairs of means using the statistical bundle Statext ver. 2.1 (Wayne, NJ, USA). Variations were considered significant when 0 statistically.05. 4. Conclusions Isoquercitrin derivatives of mono- or dicarboxylic.